- 2 -
Marks after 1918
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After 1918 a stamped,
etched mark was used. It says "CZECHO SLOVAKIA" (two words) and it is surrounded
by an oval or sometimes a square . It is not to be confused with the signature used by Kralik in the same period:
"Czechoslovakia" (one word) without the oval.
Loetz marks (after
signature - acid etched, not engraved - was exclusively used for an
Exhibition in Vienna in 1929. It was used on both the Prutscher
designs and on the anonymous in-house Loetz designs that were shown
In determining the value of a Loetz piece, the
signature might not be the most important factor. Decisive are the shape (attribution to
one of the master designers), a quality decor and possibly a known production number.
The lack of a signature, however, is not the most
important obstacle in identifying an original Loetz. The Loetz decors and forms, from the
"Papillon" decor to the straightforward lines of Michael Powolny, were widely
imitated. Misinterpretation not only occurs on the multicoloured, ordinary products of
some unknown Bohemian manufacturers but also on the better work of Rindskopf,
Kralik and Pallme-König. In
depth articles on these contemporaries of Loetz can be read on this
site. The similarities with the plainer, simpler part of the Loetz
production can even give the "experienced eye" a hard time.
Fortunately, the serious collector and the dealer (who
wants to be well informed) have a few excellent sources at their disposal.
Waltraud Neuwirth had
already done the pioneering work with "Loetz Austria, 1900" and "Loetz
Austria, 1905-1918", which she published in 1986. Both books, in those years
the only comprehensive guide to Loetz glass, offer a great survey of the collections in
the Austrian museums. For the first time some light was shed on the production of
the Klostermühle glassworks. They include an introduction and history of the
company, technical descriptions and lots of gorgeous details of different decors.
The work of outside designers like Beckert, Hoffmann and Powolny is well
represented. Most of the pictures here can NOT
be found in other of the pictures here can NOT
be found in other publications. Texts are in German, English, French and
- It was not until a major Loetz exhibition in
Düsseldorf, Frankfurt and Prague (1989) that two other books appeared on the market:
"H. Ricke, Lötz 1880-1940, Band I + II".
Some consider these the "Loetz Bible", and not undeserved, because they
gave the answers to almost all the questions that surrounded Loetz.
"Band I, Werkmonographie" shows hundreds of vases in all kinds of decors,
from the earliest models to the latest examples in the 1940's. You'll find separate
chapters about the master outside designers, pages full of signatures and in-depth
information about the development of the Loetz company and its glass.
"Band II, Katalog der Musterschnitte" pictures almost 5000 models made
between 1880 and 1940 with the names of their designers if they are known. The dimensions
in which they were produced, the decors, and in many cases the exact date of production
can be traced in separate chapters. And though not all of the designs can be found
in this book - some were lost, and from the 80,000 that were found a selection was made -
an attribution to a production number is still one of the best possible references.
Only in German.
Ernst Ploil informed me that these books will be reprinted soon. Band
II will appear on CD.
|The picture below shows a design by L. Bauer for a Titania vase. Seven
years before the publication of "H.
Ricke, Lötz,1880-1940, Band II" it was attributed to Kolo Moser at an auction by
Ketterer in München.
||Series II - 4209, 1906,
L. Bauer, (© HR)
||Series I - 1941, 1889 (© HR)
||Series I - 7907, 1899 (© HR)
above designs to the pictures of my own collection in "The
early years", and Decors "Chiné"
- A few years later the series "Das Böhmische Glas, 1700-1947" was edited by Georg
Höltl (Passauer Glasmuseum). Some of the authors, among them Dr. Jan Mergl, also greatly
contributed to "H. Ricke, Lötz, 1880-1940".
If you want to have a look at the best that the Glass museum in Passau
(South-Germany) has to offer, these books are of special interest. They dig deep into the
treasure of Bohemian glass: Loetz, Kralik, Pallme- König, Rindskopf, Von Poschinger,
Heckert, Moser, to name only a few... It is in this variety that lies the value of
"Das Böhmische Glas": in addition to the well documented and perfectly
illustrated Loetz section it shows what is NOT Loetz. Most Bohemian manufacturers are
described in detail: typical decors, history and background information that can only be
found in these books. And while you might have built enough experience through the years
to distinguish a Pallme-König or a Kralik from a Loetz, what about all the other
anonymous glass works that operated in the former Austrian-Hungarian empire, Bayern and
Silesia? Looking through these books might be disappointing in some way. Is this beautiful
vase that I've got here not a Loetz? Anonymous production? So this expert was wrong? The
in-depth information and carefully chosen illustrations in "Das Böhmische Glas
1700-1950" should leave you with only very few further questions.
- Please note that 3 vases, i.e. nrs IV
400, IV 401, IV 402, shown in Band IV of "Das Böhmische Glas,
1700-1949", and classified as anonymous production have been identified
by Alfredo Villanueva, as Dugan, an American original....
He also sheds a new light on some Rindskopf
and Pallme-König types.
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